Sustainable Computing is a principle that takes into account a range of policies, procedures, programs, and attitudes that run the length and breadth of any use of information technologies. A holistic approach that oversees the whole life-cycle of Information Technology Communications (ITC), analyzing power, waste, costs, and education in the deployment of IT across organizations and societies.

To achieve this, sustainable or green computing’s main goals are to reduce the use of hazardous materials, maximize energy efficiency, recycling optimization, and product and factory waste biodegradability. An approach that has to be considered for all classes of systems, ranging from handheld systems to large-scale data centers.

In this sense, as early as 1992, energy efficiency promotions have been set as for example the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s Energy Star launch, which was a voluntary labeling program. Alongside the Energy Star launch, the Swedish organization TCO Development launched the TCO Certified program to promote low magnetic and electrical emissions from CRT-based computer displays.

To keep track of these initiatives, the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) publishes a survey of over 90 government and industry initiatives on “Green ICT’s”. The report concludes that in general, only 20% of initiatives have measurable targets.

As presented, sustainable computing has been in our lives for decades, and we are still researching and developing strategies to solve it. Internet of Everything Corp. is aware and is building thought through technologies to address sustainable computing issues, and provide solutions to help accelerate the IoT devices deployment.

Internet of Everything Corp believes in the great benefits that technology can bring to our societies and understands IoT is a leading force to achieve a better future for all.

Current ITC solutions are sustainable computer friendly?

Today’s ITC infrastructure is based on the Internet and applications such as the World Wide Web, and data centers are added on top. These applications run on a centralized level, in contrast to the decentralized Internet nature, as such, the centralized nature of the web has opened the path to create big companies that control data transmission, processing, and security.

Something that in its initial stages didn’t foresee any problem. But once digital solutions became mainstream and entered our homes and lives (Personal Computers, Broadband, Wi-Fi, Smartphones, etc.), certain problems began to appear.

These problems came through and began to grow and grow, e.g., privacy, security, speed, latency, storage, processing power, and the list goes on. To overcome this reality, the big tech companies have adopted different approaches, and the latest one is the Cloud Service or Data Centers. A solution that in sustainable computing terms has brought up some major questions, regarding its capacity to achieve a sustainable computing ecosystem, which deals with:

· Carbon dioxide emissions
· Fossil fuel consumption
· Security and privacy risks
· Geolocation
· Cooling systems

Some of these issues are being tackled by deviating from fossil fuel energy to renewable and green energy (solar, hydro, wind). Other obstacles concerning security and privacy are a constant problem tackled on a day-to-day basis due to the constant or even daily cyberattacks suffered.

As for geolocation, it is being resolved by providing a local system, also known as edge computing, this resolves latency and cost issues. Cooling systems are constantly perfected, e.g., In 2018, three new US Patents make use of facilities designed to simultaneously cool and produce electrical power by use of internal and external waste heat.

But digging deeper into these problems, we can see that the solutions are not bulletproof, e.g., while data centers operate 24/7, most renewable energy sources don’t. On top of this, places with optimal renewable power generally have locations that don’t permit data centers to provide efficient and reliable service to their users.

Security and privacy, and geolocation both are limited by the centralized nature of data centers, creating too many vulnerabilities for data centers to deploy IoT devices. In this respect, the logical solution is to convert the system into a decentralized infrastructure.

How can decentralized infrastructures provide sustainable computing solutions?

As we mentioned above, current ITC solutions perform in a centralized infrastructure, as data centers, creating multiple problems when it comes to deploying billions of IoT devices. To actuate using a decentralized infrastructure enables the IoT devices deployment to become safer and eco-friendly. Analyzing each problem separately shows the benefits of a decentralized network, as IoE Corp’s one.

Energy consumption

Although centralized server farms, data centers, or cloud computing services are constantly working to provide sustainable computing by the use of renewable energy. They are always confronted with the location and the 24/7 operating timelines, which are even more vital considering IoT devices will enter all levels of society. Therefore, the healthcare system, traffic management, or defense platforms need a reliable energy source providing a 24/7 365 day operating system.

A decentralized network, like ours, does not rely on just one point of energy source. This resolves the energy consumption issue. Having a truly decentralized architecture implemented implies that the computational power comes from all the devices connected to the network. In this way, if one of the devices fails, others will act to perform the services of the broken down one. A solution that is aided by blockchain technology that keeps an immutable track of the data, and empowers all connected devices to perform at the same level, and being quantum-safe, adds to the security issues that might occur.

The latency and geolocation

Data centers are offering edge computing services to work locally, but are they really performing on the edge? We at Internet of Everything Corp understand that to truly perform at an edge-computing level, there has to be a decentralized network. Edge computing is a network of autonomous distributed computers platforms, so data centers that are centralized are not adapted to offer true edge computing.

To understand the impact of edge computing, i.e., working at local level, the cost reduction can reach as much as three-fold. An organization utilizing 20 HD cameras streaming at 100 Mbps can spend an average of $36K a year on bandwidth. Utilizing a well-designed edge computing platform to safely and efficiently store and analyze the data locally, can drop the figure to $13K.

Regarding latency, edge computing also helps to tackle the problem, because the data generated does not need to move away from its location. Therefore, avoiding peak power or even worse blackouts is an essential aspect when talking about IoT devices, data processing in hospitals, traffic management, or wastewater treatment plants.

Centralized infrastructures are not secure

A secure infrastructure is, needless to say, a vital aspect, and centralized solutions are not assuring it. The basic problem lies in the centric nature, enabling cyber-criminals and cyber-terrorists to exploit centralized infrastructure solutions, be it at index, data, service, or user level. There are many examples of these cyberattacks that are not just costly in economic terms, but also life-threatening.

These centralized vulnerabilities can be tackled by using truly decentralized infrastructures. A process that will help to keep sustainable computing on track regarding cost-effectiveness and society’s safety. With IoE Corp’s technology deployed, the benefits created by our fully decentralized network are:

- Defense against denial of service attacks (DDoS) — As there are no centralized points to takeout, distributed denial of service attacks are mitigated.
- Detection of Malware trying to replicate itself to other nodes — By verifying data traffic between nodes over a blockchain, malware can be detected and the infected node identified.
- Bad data and bad player detection — By using verification and sanity checks on data entering and transported.

After presenting some issues, current solutions have not been tackled for sustainable computing to function with the IoT devices deployment. We present Internet of Everything Corp’s fully decentralized technology that can help achieve sustainable computing for a well-functioning IoT devices deployment that will better our lives.

IoE Corp’s decentralized solution for Sustainable Computing

Internet of Everything Corp is providing important breakthrough technology that helps to achieve Sustainable Computing. As we indicated, sustainable computing is a holistic approach that focuses on reaching ITC performance at eco-friendly levels, and with ease of use for end-users. Our technology is based on a human-first architecture and running on a truly decentralized infrastructure, creating the Eden System:

· IoE Corp’s Eden System — The Eden System is a decentralized, autonomous, portable, secure, virtual infrastructure for managing clustered workloads over depos (decentralized pods) and services that facilitate both declarative configuration and automation.

A technology that is based on a decentralized model based on scalable device clustering, where it is easy to add in new devices as nodes. Making it possible for any device to contribute computing resources over an intelligent mesh network so that computing can happen where it is needed and close to where it will be used.

We then developed our Eden System, via quantum-safe tunnels using polymorphic encryption keys and used a blockchain with consensus to verify the data moved between the nodes over the tunnels, thus creating trusted data walled gardens.

The orchestration of computing and storage is done via service manifests that describe services rules, policies, and logic. The underlying orchestration mechanics is managed by an autonomous knowledge-based AI using network consensus over the blockchain as a deciding mechanism.

The cluster topography is dynamically updated by the orchestration to fit the current workload. Eden System Service depos are generated and deployed similarly to container images; the depos are MPI cluster enabled from start.

How does Eden System benefit Sustainable Computing?

Actioning our Internet of Everything Corp’s Eden System helps achieve Sustainable Computing targets, by creating an Eden System where IoT devices deployment of data processing, analyzing, and communications performs locally. Giving the following benefits:

- Agile service creation and deployment — The only addition to a normal container deployment is the Service Manifest generation.
- Continuous development, integration, and deployment — Provides for reliable and frequent depo build and deployment with quick and efficient rollbacks (due to depos immutability).
- Dev and Ops separation of concerns — create service depo’s at build/release time rather than deployment time, thereby decoupling services from infrastructure.
- Observability not only cluster information and metrics — Eden System also allows for application health and other signals.
- Environmental consistency across development, testing, and production — Runs the same on a laptop as it does in the wild.
- Cloud and OS distribution portability — Runs on Linux, BSD, on-premises, on public clouds, and anywhere else.
- Service-centric management — Raises the level of abstraction from running an OS on virtual hardware to running a service on a Decentralized network.
- Loosely coupled, distributed, elastic, liberated microservices — Applications are broken into smaller, independent pieces and can be deployed and managed dynamically — not a monolithic stack running on one big single-purpose machine.
- Resource isolation — predictable service performance.
- Resource utilization — High efficiency and density.

Implementing these innovations into IoT devices deployment aids to keep the energy and cost levels of computing at a sustainable level. Adding a viable option to the data centers that are and will constantly have to be readjusting to try to maintain a reliable and safe operating system that complies with the Sustainable Computing requirements.

IoE Corp’s Eden System solution is built from the beginning, taking into account present and future problems, to become a dynamic, flexible, reliable, efficient, safe, and private solution working on the edge and within an Eden System.

IoE Corp is here to help accelerate the implementation of IoT within eco-friendly and human-focused technology. All its infrastructure has evolved from its beginnings to overcome the challenges that the World Wide Web and its centralized principles have produced. A vision to utilize data flow to better understand the real needs of users and businesses, instead of seeing the data as a source for money-making.

The technological industry is entering another revolutionizing stage, in which the necessity to change the modus operandi is crucial. Having a decentralized approach, working within the Internet and not the web, permits perceiving data as secure and private, and in the hands of its creators. This is IoECorp’s way, an Internet to empower nations, institutions, businesses, and individuals through IoT devices that are processed within its upper layer, IoE, and at an Edge Computing level.

Eden System designed for IoE and all in Edge

Our research and development team have analyzed the pertaining issues and solutions needed to perform at edge computing level with a high success performance. Taking into account all the possible outcomes that the Internet of Everything postulates towards all areas of our society, be it industrial, social, or environmentally friendly. Coming up with the implementation of the Eden System that offers decentralized walled garden systems with depos (decentralized pods). This is a good and secure way to bundle and run services.

Looking at a normal production environment, there is a need to manage the containers that run applications and ensure that there is no downtime. As an example, if a container goes down, another container needs to start. The easiest way for this behavior to be handled is by giving the network the actionability necessary to solve the problem, and this is how Eden System works.

Eden System provides the Internet of Everything with a system and a service framework to run distributed services, decentralized and resilient. The Eden System orchestrator, using Edge computing takes care of, e.g., scaling and failover for your services, and provides deployment patterns. In practical terms, Eden System has Test Nets to freely deploy and test services before going “sharp”.

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